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Medical wastes constitute a larger portion of infectious wastes that are potentially dangerous since they contain pathogenic agents. While sustainable management of municipal solid waste, wastewater sludge and construction and demolition waste gain significant attention, medical waste has not attracted the same level of attention as other types of wastes, especially in developing countries. Therefore, medical waste management is still a critical issue in many countries due to ist potential environmental hazards and public health risks.
Infectious and hazardous nature of medical waste can cause undesirable effects on humans and the environment. So, effective management (transfer, transport, treatment and disposal) of medical waste is the key component of an integrated solid waste management system. The need for proper medical waste management has been a crucial issue in many developing countries as Turkey. It is mainly caused by the lack of appropriate legislation and effective control; financial limitations and lack of awareness. In Turkey, the regulation on medical waste management was updated in 2005 (i.e. Medical Waste Control Regulation) in accordance with the European Union (EU) waste directives. But some of the infectious waste is disposed of with the municipal solid waste into the sanitary landfill because of improper segregation practices applied in the health-care institutions. Existing practices on medical waste management still falls behind meeting the requirements of current waste treatment technologies. This study aims to analyze the present status of medical waste management in Turkey in terms of waste generation, effectiveness on waste segregation, treatment and disposal. Alternative treatment and disposal technologies (including incineration, microwave irradiation, mobile or stationary sterilization) of medical waste were evaluated. This study also aims to identify the best possible medical waste management options for Turkey by considering economic, social, environmental, and technical aspects.
|Copyright:||© Lehrstuhl für Abfallverwertungstechnik und Abfallwirtschaft der Montanuniversität Leoben|
|Source:||Recy & Depotech 2016 (November 2016)|
|Autor:||Assist. Prof. Dr. Hasan Sarptaş|
Prof. Dr. Ertugrul Erdin
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