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Waste-to-Energy plants are an integral part of modern municipal Waste Management Systems. Today recycling and energy recovery from waste are the only methods of dealing with municipal waste. This is demonstrated by Waste Management Systems in countries such as Germany, Sweden, the Netherlands, Belgium, Denmark and Austria, where the municipal waste management is limited solely to recycling and energy recovery from waste. The currently discussed concept of the latest circular economy package can hardly change anything in this matter. Poland, as one of the leaders among the new EU member states (since 2004), has still a lot to do within the scope of recycling and waste-to-energy.
Development of waste-to-energy plants – hereinafter referred to as WtE plants – in Poland is connected with the decision of 7 December 2007 when the European Commission approved the Operational Programme Infrastructure and Environment 2007 to 2013.This program implements large investment in the Polish sectors: environmental protection(5.1 billion EUR available from EU funds), transport (19.6 billion EUR), energy industry (1.7 billion EUR), culture and national heritage (0.53 billion EUR), health (0.395 billion EUR) and higher education (0.586 billion EUR). The main goal of this program, based on the Cohesion Fund (CF) and the European Regional Development Fund, was to improve the investment attractiveness in Poland and its regions through the development of technical infrastructure while protecting and improving the environment,
health, preserving cultural identity and developing territorial cohesion.
|Copyright:||© TK Verlag - Fachverlag für Kreislaufwirtschaft|
|Source:||Waste Management, Volume 6 (September 2016)|
|Autor:||Prof. Ph. D., Eur. Ing. (Dr.-Ing. habil.) Tadeusz Pajak|
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