Waste stream treatment for obtaining safe reclaimed water and biomethane for transport sector to mitigate
GHG emissionsGloria Sánchez
The aim of the LIFE+ Methamorphosis project is to recover energy from organic solid
waste from both urban and agricultural livestock sources to obtain alternative and sustainable
Influence of different carbon sources including liquid additives out of fermentation or composting on the purification of leachate waterC. Steiner, S. Schröder, M. Balsam, C. Wolf, P. Beese-Vasbender, M. Denecke,
Wastewater, like landfill leachate, could lack easily degradable carbon sources.
:metabolon - From Waste to Resource Lindlar: From waste to resource :metabolon turns landfill into an innovation site
When the Leppe landfill was designated for follow-up use, the :metabolon project was expanded to form a European Centre of Resources Management as part of the structural funding programme of the state of North Rhine-Westphalia (Regionale 2010). The body responsible for the project is the waste management association Bergischer Abfallwirtschaftsverband, which developed the location into a competence, learning and innovation centre for material conversion and site-related environmental technology and techniques. This was done jointly with Oberbergisch region, the Rheinisch-Bergisch region and the municipalities of Engelskirchen and Lindlar. Existing competencies were integrated, developed further and presented in a new light.
Experts to topic
Vice President Business Development Joost Böggemann Inashco North Amerca, Inc.
Monitoring of biofilters in the context of Czech legislationK. Vondrakova , M. Sir , J. Sedlacek
Since 2003 methane biooxidation for the municipal solid waste (MSW) landfills has come to the interests of researchers, biofilters started to be significantly installed.
Landfill capacity in GermanyHartmut Haeming
Landfills have not received the attention that they deserve from policy-makers.
Project Report of the MBT Jiangsu – Hightech Waste
Processing for ChinaArno Möller
While recycling is a standard practice in the West, China’s MSW management is still
focused on incineration and landfill.
Lehrstuhl für Abfallverwertungstechnik und Abfallwirtschaft der Montanuniversität Leoben Sequential Extraction as a Method for Analysis of Heavy Metals Mobility in SoilsSusana Casaseca, Dr. Martin Wellacher
Polluted soil with metals could affect human health through direct contact with soil, but potentially greater threats could rise, for example, from infiltration of the metals into groundwater aquifers or by the plant uptake of those. The hazard in soil attributable to metals is often assessed by determination of their total content or pseudo-total content in soil.
Lehrstuhl für Abfallverwertungstechnik und Abfallwirtschaft der Montanuniversität Leoben Reducing Leachate Treatment Costs, But How?Dr. Christian Schröder
Leachate processing at landfills places significant demands on process technology. Landfill leachate contains a cocktail of various pollutants. In addition to biodegradable nitrogen compounds, this also includes a large number of other organic and inorganic pollutant groups that are fully or partially non-biodegradable. These substances have to be removed from the landfill leachate through cost-intensive physicochemical treatment. The requirements placed on the treated leachate depend on the way it is discharged. Legal framework specifications define the limits for direct or indirect dischargers.
Lehrstuhl für Abfallverwertungstechnik und Abfallwirtschaft der Montanuniversität Leoben A New Methodical Approach for Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) Related to MSW Landfills in RussiaEkaterina Zyryanova, Olga Ulanova
Nowadays, the most widespread method of MSW disposal in Russia is landfilling, using the most primitive landfilling technology. On an average, only 3-4 % of municipal solid waste is recycled, but the majority of waste is taken to dumps — there are about 11 thousand in Russia with an area of more than 11,000 hectares of land. About 82 billion tons of waste is buried in them. This fact requires that a full-fledged and accurate assessment of this activity and its influence on Environment has to be carried out before its implementation.
TK Verlag - Fachverlag für Kreislaufwirtschaft Innovative Application Methods of Slags from High-Temperature-Gasifying-and-Direct-Melting SystemMasato Katafuchi, Prof. Stanislaw Stryczek, Radoslaw Mróz, Wojciech Wons
JFE High-Temperature Gasifying and Direct Melting Furnace System (hereinafter Gasifying and Melting System) was developed to treat any kind of wastes and to contribute to energy and material recovery. Gasifying and Melting System was developed by integrating company’s original technologies for the iron-making blast furnace and fluidized bed for incineration plants, which the company cultivated over many years. The company’s advanced technologies in these two different fields were combined and integrated into the unique Gasifying and Melting System. This system is a proven technology that realizes high performance
TK Verlag - Fachverlag für Kreislaufwirtschaft Resource Recovery from Waste Using the Input Flexibility of Waste Gasification TechnologyNobuhiro Tanigaki, Ryo Makishi, Toshimi Nagata
Nowadays, gasification of waste or biomass is becoming the great interest all over the world. Especially, gasification of municipal solid waste (MSW) has been well-researched in Japan. The development of MSW gasification technology was started in the 1970s in Japan because of oil crisis. Several technologies have been researched and developed. The Direct Melting System (DMS), which is the gasification and melting technology developed by Nippon Steel & Sumikin Engineering Co., Ltd., is one of the developed waste gasification technologies in this era. This technology was introduced for commercial use in Kamaishi City, Japan in 1979. As well as this waste technology, other gasification technologies have been developed for commercial use and installed.
Lehrstuhl für Abfallverwertungstechnik und Abfallwirtschaft der Montanuniversität Leoben Two Case Studies on Landfill Mining: Kössen (Austria), Bishkek (Kyrgyzstan)Dipl.-Ing. Martin Steiner, Marion Fuchs, Martin Rottler
The case study on Kössen describes a hands-on assessment of the content of a former landfill which was performed prior to fi nal excavation works according to the principle “let´s assume assumptions by knowledgeâ€. The case study on Bishkek describes mining techniques applied in many landfi lls in Central Asia in former, partly decomposed disposal zones from the “Sovjet Eraâ€, but gives also impressions on general landfi lling practices and standards in the region.
Lehrstuhl für Abfallverwertungstechnik und Abfallwirtschaft der Montanuniversität Leoben In-Depth Characterization of Residual Fines by Digital Image ProcessingDipl. Ing. Mattias Berwanger, David Rüßmann, Prof. Dr.-Ing. Thomas Pretz
During the processing of solid waste for the recovery of valuable materials certain residual fractions are inevitably created. As a rule, these cannot be processed at state-of-the-art solid waste processing technology for economic reasons and for quality restraints.
Lehrstuhl für Abfallverwertungstechnik und Abfallwirtschaft der Montanuniversität Leoben Primary Gravel Production at Industrial LocationsStefan Kreuzwieser, Stefan Prentner
The consortium ARGE GROUND UNIT produces CE-certified gravel and sand from contaminated excavated materials in a wet separation plant on the area of voestalpine Stahl GmbH. The products are used as aggregate for concrete and for unbound and hydraulically bound base layers. The treated materials come from various construction projects on the site of voestalpine in Linz. This area is industrially used since nearly 100 years. The material contains typical pollutions from steel production of former decades. Without treatment in the separation plant of ARGE GROUND UNIT, it would be necessary to carry nearly all excavations to a landfill.
Lehrstuhl für Abfallverwertungstechnik und Abfallwirtschaft der Montanuniversität Leoben Removal of H2S from Biogas with the Use of AshesMag. Peter Mostbauer, Dipl.-Ing. Alexander Knapp, H. Insam
In 2007, the Institute of Waste Management, Vienna, proposed a rather simple static system for removal of CO2 and H2S from biogas or landfill gas (LFG). Aged MSWI bottom ash was used as a “filter mediumâ€ at that time (BABIU process). The publications available today about ash-based upgrading of biogas concentrate on CO2 removal, CH4 enrichment and ecological benefits of the process. Less attention has been paid to reactions of H2S with ash constituents.
Lehrstuhl für Abfallverwertungstechnik und Abfallwirtschaft der Montanuniversität Leoben CHP-Units with Stirling Engines for Landfi ll Gas UtilizationDr.-Ing. Arnd Seyfert
Stirling engines have been used for about 200 years. For example at the beginning of the 20-th century 250,000 stirling engines were used as mechanical drives for ventilators, water pumps and drives for small devices for example sawing machines. But there are some disadvantageous in comparison with the normal combustion engine (for example the smaller electrical efficiency,
the lower rotational-speed and a worse power to-weight ratio) so that the stirling engine lost this
competition and nearly disappeared from the market.
Lehrstuhl für Abfallverwertungstechnik und Abfallwirtschaft der Montanuniversität Leoben Security Risk of Landfill Gas - Hazard Potential and Defensive MeasuresDr. Roman Prantl, Klaus Schloffer
The present work “Security Risk of Landfill Gasâ€ has the goal to analyze, identify and minimize risks and hazards resulting from the emergence of landfi ll gas through a comprehensive approach. The fact that accidents happen repeatedly in this area, shows the security policy defi cit and thus the relevance of this work.
Lehrstuhl für Abfallverwertungstechnik und Abfallwirtschaft der Montanuniversität Leoben Application of Unmanned Aerial Vehicle Technologies in Design and Operation of LandfillsJohannes Novak, MSc Daniel Söderlindh, DI Dr. Arne Michael Ragossnig, Michaela Ragossnig-Angst
Design and construction as well as the managing of landfills rely on a variety of land surveying data as well as other geo-information. For the design phase the suitability of the specific site acc. to the criteria defined in the Austrian landfill ordinance, knowledge of the topography as well as the boundary conditions with regard of immission control for neighbours require utmost attention.
Lehrstuhl für Abfallverwertungstechnik und Abfallwirtschaft der Montanuniversität Leoben Water Balance of Layered Mineral Landfill CoverM.Sc. Steffen Beck-Broichsitter, Dr. Heiner Fleige, Prof. Dr. Rainer Horn
According to the presented monitoring system, the functionality of the individual components of the temporary surface cover system in Rastorf (Schleswig-Holstein) can be permanently monitored and evaluated under in-situ conditions.
Lehrstuhl für Abfallverwertungstechnik und Abfallwirtschaft der Montanuniversität Leoben Deformation Analysis of the Landfill “Rautenweg“ using 3D-Finite Element ModellingPeter-Andreas von Wolffersdorff, Karl Reiselhuber
The landfi ll Rautenweg is the largest landfill in Austria and operated by the city of Vienna. The landfi ll is sealed by so-called “Wiener Dichtwandkammersystem“ (Vienna Cutt-Off Chamber). The system comprises two parallel diaphragm walls embedded into the impermeable stratum by 25 m. Counterfort are placed between the two diaphragm walls in regular intervals.
Lehrstuhl für Abfallverwertungstechnik und Abfallwirtschaft der Montanuniversität Leoben Aeration of the Landfill Pill; Effects on Groundwater ContaminationDr. Ing. Klemens Finsterwalder
At the former landfill Pill in Tyrol, Austria groundwater contamination was caused by high Ammonium loads of up to 20 mg/l. Biodegradable nitrogen was specified as the cause of groundwater pollution by ammonium. However, other substances were hardly noticeable. Ammonium is generated within the landfill body through anaerobic decomposition of organic matter.
Lehrstuhl für Abfallverwertungstechnik und Abfallwirtschaft der Montanuniversität Leoben In-situ Aeration: Performance Control after 5 Years on a Municipal Solid Waste LandfillDipl.-Ing. Dr. Marion Huber-Humer, Marlies Hrad, Dipl.-Ing. Sabine Lenz
By converting anaerobic landfills into an aerobic, biologically stabilised state through accelerating organic matter degradation, the time and effort necessary for post-closure management can be shortened. In-situ landfill aeration is thereby a promising cost-efficient treatment method to significantly reduce environmentally relevant and current emissions from existing municipial solid waste landfills (MSW), to stabilise the organic waste material, and to reduce the Emission potential.
Lehrstuhl für Abfallverwertungstechnik und Abfallwirtschaft der Montanuniversität Leoben Former Tannery Waste Disposal Site – Excavation of Intense Odour WasteHartwig Kraiger
The contaminated site ST19 (Gerbereideponie Schmidt), a former tannery waste disposal site, is situated in the southern part of the city of Weiz (Styria, Austria). The area is split up into two parts by a main road passing the landfill.
Lehrstuhl für Abfallverwertungstechnik und Abfallwirtschaft der Montanuniversität Leoben MBT-Landfill as Carbon Sink – Expected Carbon Content after AerationDipl.-Ing Erwin Binner, Alexandra Pukhnyuk, Dipl.-Ing. Dr. Marion Huber-Humer
Target of MBT (mechanical biological treatment of wastes) is to mineralise and to stabilise waste organic matter. This leads to a reduction of emissions after landfi lling the pretreated wastes. It is well known, that MBT-landfills can be seen as a carbon sink, but there is a deficit in knowledge about the time frame respectively which share of organic carbon will remain in the landfill over long period.
Lehrstuhl für Abfallverwertungstechnik und Abfallwirtschaft der Montanuniversität Leoben An Extensive Environmental Protection Program During the Bonfol Landfill RemediationDamien Kurc
The industrial waste landfill at Bonfol in the Canton of Jura, Switzerland, is a heritage of our past. The chemical industry of Basle, amongst others, dumped its production waste in a former clay pit during 15 years before the landfi ll was closed in 1976 with a clay cap. Today, the organizational and technical challenge consists in excavating nearly 175,000 tons of hazardous waste material under high safety and environmental protection measures.
Lehrstuhl für Abfallverwertungstechnik und Abfallwirtschaft der Montanuniversität Leoben Biological Stabilization of the Teuftal Landfill in SwitzerlandDr.-Ing. Marco Ritzkowski
The Teuftal landfill, located in the canton Bern, is considered the largest sanitary landfi ll in Switzerland. Since 40 years both, municipal solid waste (MSW), construction and demolition waste, bottom ashes, flue gas cleaning residues as well as industrial waste are disposed of in different landfill sections. Untreated MSW of relatively high organic content has been landfilled in particular between 1973 and 2000 on an area of approximately 12 hectare, subdivided into 3 sectors.
Lehrstuhl für Abfallverwertungstechnik und Abfallwirtschaft der Montanuniversität Leoben Relevant Emissions During Landfill Mining ProcessesProf. Dr.-Ing Gerhard Rettenberger
Because of landfill mining activities emissions will occur. They can cause considerable effects to the environment and the vicinity. The most important emission may be the odour, but also dust and noise can be relevant to the neighborhood.