The first draft (D1) of the reference document for best available techniques (BREF) for Waste Incineration (WI) was published on 24th May. On first reading, the Best Available Techniques Associated Emission Levels (BATAELs) proposed in D1 are stricter than the current emission standards for waste-to-energy plants.
Waste-to-Resources 2017 Ways for increased material recycling of material flows from MBTMatthias Kühle-Weidemeier
By implementing modern thermal and non-thermal waste treatment technologies, waste management hast made a big leap forward. In the last two decades, Central Europe has been the motor of the development. The first decade of this century has been a period of development and installation of new processes in numerous locations. This was followed by nearly a decade of minor progress. This article will analyse the current situation and show how higher recycling rates even from mixed and residual waste can be achieved.
Martin GmbH für Umwelt- und Energietechnik Waste-to-Energy Plant Pozzilli (ENERGONUT), Italy
The ENERGONUT plant near Naples was originally erected in 1997 for the combustion of biomass. In 2005, the customer decided to modify the plant to combust so-called substitute fuels (RDF/CDR) and to upgrade it to state-of-the-art technology, particularly with regard to flue gas cleaning and utilization of energy.
Experts to topic
Professor Dr. Athanasios Bourtsalas Imperial College London/ Columbia University
Prof. Dr.-Ing. Martin Faulstich CUTEC Institut an der TU Clausthal
Harald Roehrig SINOCOURSE Engineering & Consulting Service Co. Ltd
Decarbonization and energy generation can go hand in hand: The future is climate-positive!Martin Schmid; Rolf Fröhlich; Robert Stucki
Biochar will change the world! Our planet’s soil contains more than twice as much carbon
as the atmosphere.
The commercial waste market in Germany until 2025Jens Gatena
This article analyzes the status quo and the future development of the market for commercial
waste in Germany. The focus is put on mixed commercial waste and its future
disposal until 2025, whereby the effects of the amendment of the Commercial Waste
Ordinance will be analyzed among others.
Co-incineration in cement plantsMartin Oerter
Over the last decades the German cement industry has gained lots of experience in the use of alternative fuels in the clinker burning process. The share of suitable alternative fuels could be increased continuously.
EARTH ENGINEERING CENTER Columbia University Application of Thermal Spray Techniques for Combatting High Temperature Corrosion of WTE Superheater TubesDianyi Yan
Combustion with energy recovery of post-recycling municipal solid waste (MSW), also called waste to energy (WTE), is the only proven alternative to landfilling. Some of the WTE advantages over landfilling are that it avoids landfilling and methane
emissions to atmosphere and reduces the volume of MSW by 90%. One of the main
operational problems in the WTE industry is the corrosion on the superheater tubes,
which is related to the relatively high concentration of chlorine (0.47-0.72 wt%) in the flue gas and the formation of alkaline salts and sulfates.
WTERT-Asia Inaugural Meeting April 2017 The first WTE in BrazilPhD Sergio Guerreiro Ribeiro
Presentation from WTERT-Asia Inaugural Meeting April 2017
Natural gas as a power booster fuel in sugarcane bagasse thermoelectric power plantsSergio Guerreiro Ribeiro, Jose W. Ferrari, Alexandre F. Schoubek, Celso R. Bertinotti
The use of natural gas in biomass or Waste-to-Energy (WTE) power plants is a very elegant, highly efficient solution, and is done in several WTE plants around the world.
China Everbright International Limited Everbright International Nanjing Waste-to-energy Project Phase II Completes Construction and Commences Operation
China Everbright International Limited ("Everbright International" or the "Group") (HKSE: 00257) is pleased to announce that the Group's Nanjing Waste-to-energy Project ("Nanjing Project" or the "Project") Phase II has completed construction three months ahead of schedule and commenced commercial operation.
China Everbright International Limited Everbright International Secures Sichuan Leshan Waste-to-energy Project
China Everbright International Limited ("Everbright International" or the "Group") (HKSE: 00257) is pleased to announce that the Group has signed a concession agreement for a household waste-to-energy project with the People's Government of Leshan City in Sichuan Province, to invest and construct the Leshan Waste-to-energy Project ("Leshan Project"), with a total investment of approximately RMB650 million.
Gatwick and DHL open new waste management plant – becoming the first airport in the world to turn Category 1 airline waste into energy onsite
Gatwick Airport and DHL Supply Chain today formally open a new waste management plant, becoming the first airport in the world to turn airport waste, such as food and packaging, into energy onsite.
CEWEP e.V. Waste-to-Energy Communication: the mountain brought forth a mouse
“This Communication, when it was first announced in 2015, created big expectations. It was supposed to use the newest scientific data to help policy makers see WtE for what it is – a strong partner in the Circular Economy and Energy Union. Unfortunately, the resulted text has more basis in political considerations rather than in facts and science”, Ferdinand Kleppmann, the President of CEWEP summarises.
Martin GmbH für Umwelt- und Energietechnik Waste-to-Energy Plant ICTR Giubiasco, Switzerland
The canton of Ticino has secured safe disposal of household and commercial waste for decades to come with the successful commissioning of the Giubiasco WTE plant in Bellinzona. The design throughput of the plant with its remarkable architec-ture, a landmark in the Maggadino Landscape, is 130,000 t/a.
Renergia Zentralschweiz AG Waste-to-Energy (WtE) facility in Canton Lucerne
Renergia, a brand new Waste-to-Energy (WtE) facility opened in Canton Lucerne, shows that Waste-to-Energy can provide reliable heat for industries.
Lehrstuhl für Abfallverwertungstechnik und Abfallwirtschaft der Montanuniversität Leoben European Harmonization of Methods to Quantify Methane Emissions from Biogas Plants
In the past years, attempts were undertaken to quantify single emission sources as well as overall emissions from biogas plants using on-site (direct) and remote sensing (indirect) methods. While measurements on site often focus on one type of CH4 sources, remote sensing methods cover the overall emission plume. Among the current available emission measurement techniques, none is in a position to be recognized as the best international reference. Therefore, the establishment of a scientifically based standardization and harmonization of methods would greatly contribute to the assessment of the fugitive emissions from biogas plants.
Lehrstuhl für Abfallverwertungstechnik und Abfallwirtschaft der Montanuniversität Leoben Solid Recovered Fuel – Optimization of Plants in the Polish Economic RealityArtur GradziÅ„ski
Waste management and district heating systems, especially in scope of smaller facilities, require a thorough modernization. In addition, the existing model of these systems, especially for small and medium-territorial units, is not able to meet new requirements of the EU policy in the field of resources and energy efficiency. It is therefore necessary to seek for the new model which quality will be closer to the requirements of the overall strategy of the European Commission, whose key elements includes the impact of the project on the social prosperity and the preservation of the principles of sustainable development.
Lexxion Verlagsgesellschaft mbH - CCLR Legal Aspects of Emission Reductions and Carbon Credits under Evolving Climate Finance Mechanisms in BrazilThiago Borma Chagas
Brazil broke some ground by submitting an absolute GHG-reduction goal under the Paris Agreement, but the country must now cope with implementing the needed regulatory Tools promote public and private climate action. Climate financing has evolved substantially in the past years, ranging from crediting systems, to results-based payments, to carbon pricing instruments.
TK Verlag - Fachverlag für Kreislaufwirtschaft Modelling of Solid Recovered Fuel (SRF) Properties Based on Material Composition – Chloride QualityInnes Deans, Ioannis Dimas, Costas Velis
Producing solid recovered fuels (SRF) is a well-established route for recovering energy resources from municipal solid waste (household and/or commercial). Chloride content critically impacts the quality of SRF. It directly influences operation of thermal processes, having deleterious effects through the high temperature corrosion of the boilers and through demands placed on the flue gas treatment (FGT) system, which could impact emissions control. Whereas design and specification of process plant can mitigate the technical issues associated with the presence of chloride experienced during thermal treatment, processing such fuels is associated with increased capital, operating and maintenance costs. This, at best, restricts the uptake/use of SRF or increases the cost of its treatment towards achieving a reduced chloride content.
TK Verlag - Fachverlag für Kreislaufwirtschaft New Waste-to-Energy Facility Energy Works Hull, United KingdomAdam Shore
Energy Works Hull (the Project) is a milestone project for the UK’s waste and renewable energy sector. It will be one of the largest gasification facilities receiving MSW in the UK, indeed in Europe. It is one of the first advanced conversion technology Projects to receive its renewable electricity subsidies through a Contract for Difference, the mechanism by which the UK Government determined to move from Renewable Obligation Certificates following its Electricity Market Reform process. It also plays a significant part of the urban regeneration of the City of Hull. The level of community engagement and benefit has resulted in the project receiving a GBP19.9M grant from the European Union’s Regional Development Fund.
TK Verlag - Fachverlag für Kreislaufwirtschaft Enhancing of the Energy Efficiency of an Existing Waste Incineration Plant by Retrofitting with a District Heating NetworkProf. Dr.-Ing. Wolfgang Rommel, Thorsten Freudenberger, Dipl.-Ing. (FH) Markus Hertel, Thomas Moritz
The German Cycle Economy Act (Kreislaufwirtschaftsgesetz KrWG) and discussions on the turn of local energy policies led to intensive examination of options for optimising utilisation of heat produced by the waste incineration plant (MKW) in Weißenhorn. This has been carried out by the waste management firm(Abfallwirtschaftsbetrieb – AWB) of the district of Neu-Ulm over a long period of time. This was also prompted by knowledge that utilisation of already generated energy in the form of combined heat and power generation (CHP) is one of the most efficient ways of achieving climate protection targets. This results from considering which courses of action are available for climate protection.
TK Verlag - Fachverlag für Kreislaufwirtschaft International Experience of Risks Sharing between Public and Private Entities in Energy-from-Waste Plants ConstructionChristophe Cord´Homme
Imagine that you are the mayor of a city named Metropolis and are in Charge of School logistics. Before doing so, you might have to ask yourself a few essential questions. What kind of transportation will you provide? Who will it benefit: students, staff or both? Where will the service be provided? When will it be provided: in the evening, morning? And finally, how much will it cost? All these essential questions need to be answered before starting to implement this project and to buy your buses. By doing so, planning, financing, building and operating the chosen mean of Transportation will become an easier task. After that, your political decisions will direct the choice of implication of private sector on the different aspects of your project.
TK Verlag - Fachverlag für Kreislaufwirtschaft Regenerative Thermal Oxidation in the Cement Industry – Technology and Operation –Thomas Binninger, Dr. Kai Schulze
The cement industry plays a pivotal role in meeting society’s needs for housing and infrastructure. Cement is one of the most important and widely used commodities in the world and is therefore a key ingredient of economic development. Current world production of cement is well above 4,500 million tons per year and growing.
TK Verlag - Fachverlag für Kreislaufwirtschaft The Added Value of the Balance Method for Waste-to-Energy Operators and National AuthoritiesDipl.-Ing. Dr. Johann Fellner, Professor Dipl.-Ing. Dr. Helmut Rechberger, Therese Schwarzböck
Different directives of the European Union may require operators of Waste to Energy WTE plants to monitor the composition of their waste feed with respect to the Content of biomass and fossil organic matter. The mass fractions of both materials are not only of relevance for the amount of fossil and thus climate relevant CO2 emissions of the plant, but also for the ratio of renewable energy generated, as biomass in wastes is considered as renewable energy source.
TK Verlag - Fachverlag für Kreislaufwirtschaft The Market for Mechanical Biological Waste Treatment Plants in EuropeDipl.-Geogr. Mark Döing
Both the number and capacities of mechanical biological treatment plants (MBT plants) have increased significantly in the past years. In late 2015, about 490 MBT plants were active in Europe, reaching a disposal capacity of circa 47 million annual tons. However, despite its steady growth, the MBT market showed volatility. The market development peaked in 2005/2006, with the commissioning of about 80 plants with a capacity of circa 9 million annual tons. In 2015, about 13 new facilities with a capacity of around 2.2 million annual tons went online. The MBT market has also shifted geographically, because the European countries have started implementing the EU Landfill Directive in different years. After MBT plants had mainly been constructed in Southern Europe, Germany and Austria before 2006, investments shifted towards the UK and more recently, towards Eastern Europe. In the coming years, an ambivalent development is expected. Whereas further MBT plants will be constructed in countries still sending large shares of their MSW to landfills, MBT technology will experience increasing pressure in the countries with low landfilling shares.
TK Verlag - Fachverlag für Kreislaufwirtschaft Application of Modified NiCrMo Alloy Systems for Boiler Tube Surface Protection in Waste-to-Energy EnvironmentsIain Hall, Kwang Han, Dr. Tri Shrestha
Internationally, Waste to Energy and Incineration markets continue to grow in capacity as fossil fueled facilities decline and nuclear generation is curtailed. With this comes a greater need to burn more corrosive materials combust at higher temperatures and extract more energy. The reliability burden that this places on operators of plants is re-opening opportunities for thermal spray solutions as a cost effective solution for boiler tube protection. Where maintenance costs, opportunity costs and access restrictions may preclude alternative in-situ technologies, thermal spray technology may fill a gap in providing new reliable and flexible process and materials technologies for both mid- and long-term protection of water wall and superheater tubes. While historically thermal spray coating solutions have had a spotty record in waste to energy environments, advances in both process and materials technology specifically for WTE environments is such that coating performance now approaches the performance of high alloy wrought materials. This is verified through accurate laboratory modeling and scale tests and trials conducted by OEM’s and plants.
TK Verlag - Fachverlag für Kreislaufwirtschaft Significance of and Challenges for Flue Gas Treatment Systems in Waste IncinerationProfessor Dr.-Ing. Rudi Karpf, Andreas Wiedl
Flue gas cleaning downstream of waste incineration plants had its origins in the increased construction and deployment of such plants to counter rising air pollution in the nineteen-sixties. Back then, the ever-growing burden on the environment caused lawmakers to start enacting emission limits for air pollution control. An unceasing series of environmental scandals and increasingly better analytical methods and measuring instrumentation led to a constant reduction of the emission limits and, consequently, to ongoing adjustment and further development of the necessary process stages in flue gas cleaning. As a result, today minimum emissions can be reached even under the challenging condition of deployment of a very inhomogeneous fuel (waste) and, hence, waste incineration today is no longer a key contributor to air pollution. Today, the need for flue gas cleaning is not called into doubt anymore and has long become a matter of course in the industry and in society at large. Apart from ensuring efficient elimination of noxious gases, the focus of today’s further developments is on issues such as energy efficiency, minimization of input materials and recovery and recycling of by-products from flue gas cleaning as valuable raw materials. These issues are also deemed to be key challenges, especially when it comes to selecting sites for new plants in such a manner that potential synergies can be exploited. Such aspects will also have to be considered in the plans for the predicted mega-cities of the future.