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Municipal solid waste in the furnace of a moving grate incinerator

Thermal treatment is a solution for treating nonrecyclable and nonreusable waste in an environmental and economical friendly way. Thermal treatment reduces the volume and mass of the waste and inerts the hazardous components, while at the same time generating thermal and/or electrical energy and minimizing pollutant emissions to air and water.

Waste Incineration, pyrolysis and gasification are the possible thermal treatment processes. In modern European waste management waste incineration plays the absolute dominant role. The processes result in residual products from the waste as well as products resulting from flue gas cleaning additives, which afterwards have to be deposited at a controlled site such as a landfill or a mine. After thermal treatment ferrous and non-ferrous metals can be recovered and recycled. Also the grate ash or slag can be recovered for building purposes. Nutrients and organic matter are destroyed and cannot be recovered after thermal treatment.

In the European Union, Directive 2000/76/EC on the Incineration of Waste regulates waste incineration facilities and sets the limits for emissions into the atmosphere and discharge limits into the water. The objective of the Directive is to prevent or reduce, as much as possible, the pollution caused by incineration or co-incineration of waste to the air, water and soil that may affect human health.

See Also

Flue Gas Cleaning
Waste-to-Energy (WtE) facility in Canton Lucerne

Professional articles about: incineration plants on their way to thermal treatment plants

Think Twice Before Shredding. - Bag Splitter for MSW
© Wasteconsult international (5/2017)
The aim of this document is to provide guidance on the treatment and sorting of Municipal Solid Waste (MSW) using a specific nondestructive method, Bag Splitter and Oversize “Film” Remover, in the early stages of the recovery process, usually just before or after the pre-sort, instead of shredding for certain specific scenarios (waste compostion); weighing the pros and cons from a process that should not only be economically viable but also respectful to the environment without leaving aside an effective sorting which will be interpreted as a greater opportunity for recycling.

Project Report of the MBT Jiangsu – Hightech Waste Processing for China
© Wasteconsult international (5/2017)
While recycling is a standard practice in the West, China’s MSW management is still focused on incineration and landfill.

Development of an Optimization Model for the Design of Mechanical Treatment Processes Under Final Product Constraints
© Wasteconsult international (5/2017)
Municipal solid waste containing high organic content and recyclable contaminants requires the integration of resource recovery technologies to reduce the amount of waste sent to landfill. This paper presents the development of an optimization model for the design of mechanical waste treatment plants.

In seconds on-line measurement techniques for liquids, pastes, gases and vapours
© Wasteconsult international (5/2017)
Chemicals with almost all functional groups absorb in the near infrared spectral range. This fact does not only allow the measurement of composition of basic mixtures, but also the determination of colligative properties of complex mixtures, like the calorific value of waste.

Decarbonization and energy generation can go hand in hand: The future is climate-positive!
© Wasteconsult international (5/2017)
Biochar will change the world! Our planet’s soil contains more than twice as much carbon as the atmosphere.

Co-incineration in cement plants
© Wasteconsult international (5/2017)
Over the last decades the German cement industry has gained lots of experience in the use of alternative fuels in the clinker burning process.

Framework conditions for co-combustion of RDF in the power plant industry
© Wasteconsult international (5/2017)
Thermal reuse of refuse-derived fuels (RDF) in lignite-fired power plants makes an essential contribution to ensuring waste disposal in Germany.

Status quo of co-incineration of solid recovered fuels in Germany
© Wasteconsult international (5/2017)
In Germany, co-incineration of solid recovered fuels in industrial combustion plants like coal-fired power plants and cement plants is an inherent part of a modern closed Loop recycling management.

Ways for increased material recycling of material flows from MBT
© Wasteconsult international (5/2017)
By implementing modern thermal and non-thermal waste treatment technologies, waste management hast made a big leap forward. In the last two decades, Central Europe has been the motor of the development. The first decade of this century has been a period of development and installation of new processes in numerous locations. This was followed by nearly a decade of minor progress. This article will analyse the current situation and show how higher recycling rates even from mixed and residual waste can be achieved.

Scope and Activities of WtERT-Germany
© WTERT Asia (4/2017)
Slides from the presentation

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Waste-to-Energy (WtE) facility

Renergia, a brand new Waste-to-Energy (WtE) facility opened in Canton Lucerne, shows that Waste-to-Energy can provide reliable heat for industries.

Category: Incineration / Waste-to-Energy plant
Executing firm: Renergia Zentralschweiz AG

MBT Ljubljana, Slovenia

In Slovenia arises one of the largest and most modern waste treatment plants in Europe.

Category: Recycling / MBT
Executing firm: STRABAG AG

Flue Gas Cleaning

The final unit of the incineration plant is one of the most important parts as it has the objective of cleaning the air pollutants produced.

Category: Incineration
Executing firm: ete.a - Ingenieurgesellschaft für Energie– und Umweltengineering & Beratung mbH

Batch Dry Fermentation

The biogas produced from the waste can be converted in a CHP to electrical and thermal energy or fed as processed bio-methane into the natural gas grid or used as fuel (CNG).

Category: Recycling / Fermentation
Executing firm: BEKON Energy Technologies Co. & KG

MBT Warsaw, Poland

The Bio-Dry™ system is a static, aerated and flexibly enclosed reactor for the biological drying of various solid waste matters containing some biodegradable contents.

Category: Recycling / MBT
Executing firm: Convaero GmbH

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