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Waste Incineration plants (Figure 1) are composed of several units that have specific tasks, and together they recover the energetic content of Municipal Solid Waste.

The units are:

  • Waste Bunker: holds the waste and is the part where the plant operator can pick up, sort the waste and feed the incinerator using a crank.
  • Feeding Unit: pre-dries the waste and feeds the incinerator.
  • Furnace: incinerates the waste and destroys the organic component at temperatures above 800 degrees Celsius; ash and metals are recovered.
  • Boiler: utilizes the heat from the burning waste to superheat the waterpipes.
  • Energy Generation: the superheated steam is piped to a turbine generator to generate electricity.
  • Flue Gas Cleaning: remove solid and gaseous pollutants from the gas before releasing through the stack

Figure 1: Waste incineration plant schematic, to know more of each of the units please click on the image (Image: LondonWaste)


See Also

Waste Incineration Plant Scheme
Bunker > Feeding Unit > Furnace > Boiler > Energy Generation > Flue Gas Cleaning

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Thermal Treatment

Created by Prof. Dr.-Ing. Peter Quicker (Lehr- und Forschungsgebiet Technologie der Energierohstoffe an der RWTH Aachen), (), last modified by Dr. Oliver Gohlke (ALSTOM Power GmbH), (2010-10-13)


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