Saturday, 22. July 2017 You are not logged in... [Log In]
 

Landfilling in Europe

In the European Union, Directive 1999/31/EC on Landfill of Waste is one of the most important waste policies; the objective of the Directive is to prevent or reduce as far as possible negative effects on surface water, groundwater, soil, air and human health from the landfilling of waste. The Directive establishes stringent technical requirements for the authorization, design, operation, closure and aftercare of landfills, specific targets for 2006, 2009 and 2016 in the reduction of biodegradable fractions of MSW going to landfill, as well as the prohibition of materials to be accepted in landfills.

With approximately 45 percent of the total municipal waste sent to landfills, landfilling is still EU’s predominating waste management activity (Figure 1). A big difference exists between the landfilling statistics between EU-15 and EU-10 member states. While about 80 percent of the MSW is sent to landfills in the new member states, in the old member states this number goes down below 40 percent.

Treatment_of_municipal_waste_in_Euope_a_comparison_between_data_from_1995_and_2005

Figure 1: Treatment of municipal waste in Euope, a comparison between data from 1995 and 2005 [EFTA: European Free Trade Association; EECCA: Eastern Europe, Caucasus and Central Asia] (Eurostat 2007)

All new EU members are forced to transpose European Legislation into their national waste laws. By doing so, the EU-10 members will follow the EU-15 trend in the future years and reduce the amount of waste sent to landfills as well as regulating the type of waste that is sent to landfills. The new member states are expected to advance on their waste management techniques and decrease the use of landfills.


See Also


Landfill Gas Utilization
 
Professional articles about: landfills on their way to gas utilisation and renaturation
 

Monitoring of biofilters in the context of Czech legislation
© Wasteconsult international (5/2017)
Since 2003 methane biooxidation for the municipal solid waste (MSW) landfills has come to the interests of researchers, biofilters started to be significantly installed. Nowadays the biofilters were implemented into waste legislation as a system for passive methane elimination which can meet the targets for reduction of greenhouse gas emissions and to prevent a climate changes.

Influence of different carbon sources including liquid additives out of fermentation or composting on the purification of leachate water
© Wasteconsult international (5/2017)
Wastewater, like landfill leachate, could lack easily degradable carbon sources. Traditional carbon sources like acetic acid, ethanol, glycerol or alternative carbon sources could be used in the denitrification process as a part of the nitrogen elimination.

Project Report of the MBT Jiangsu – Hightech Waste Processing for China
© Wasteconsult international (5/2017)
While recycling is a standard practice in the West, China’s MSW management is still focused on incineration and landfill.

Innovative conveying and steep incline conveying technology in modular design
© Wasteconsult international (5/2017)
The cover belt conveyor, which is able to convey steeply up to 40°, and the double belt conveyor, able to convey vertically, are part of VHV Anlagenbau’s steep incline conveying technology.

Material recovery by conversion to oil
© Wasteconsult international (5/2017)
Catalytic Tribochemical Conversion (CTC) is a process for direct liquefaction. It works at temperatures < 400 °C. By using a catalyst as a consumable in a closed system, various carbon containing materials (e. g. biomass, solid recovered fuels) can be converted into a storable, multi usable energy carrier. This carrier can be used as resource for the industry or post-treated to produce a norm-related diesel fuel.

Landfill capacity in Germany
© Wasteconsult international (5/2017)
Landfills have not received the attention that they deserve from policy-makers. Nevertheless, landfills are needed because businesses and private households generate mineral and inert waste that is not suitable for uncontrolled spreading.

Circular Economy in the U.S.: Business Opportunities for European Vendors of Recycling and Waste Conversion Technology
© Wasteconsult international (5/2017)
Simply for its sheer size, the American waste management market is a worthwhile target
for export-oriented manufacturers and know-how providers.

Materials recovery facilities: how legal government units (LGUs) address wastes build up in open dumpsites
© WTERT Asia (4/2017)
Slides from the presentation

A New Methodical Approach for Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) Related to MSW Landfills in Russia
© Lehrstuhl für Abfallverwertungstechnik und Abfallwirtschaft der Montanuniversität Leoben (11/2016)
Nowadays, the most widespread method of MSW disposal in Russia is landfilling, using the most primitive landfilling technology. On an average, only 3-4 % of municipal solid waste is recycled, but the majority of waste is taken to dumps — there are about 11 thousand in Russia with an area of more than 11,000 hectares of land. About 82 billion tons of waste is buried in them. This fact requires that a full-fledged and accurate assessment of this activity and its influence on Environment has to be carried out before its implementation.

Reducing Leachate Treatment Costs, But How?
© Lehrstuhl für Abfallverwertungstechnik und Abfallwirtschaft der Montanuniversität Leoben (11/2016)
Leachate processing at landfills places significant demands on process technology. Landfill leachate contains a cocktail of various pollutants. In addition to biodegradable nitrogen compounds, this also includes a large number of other organic and inorganic pollutant groups that are fully or partially non-biodegradable. These substances have to be removed from the landfill leachate through cost-intensive physicochemical treatment. The requirements placed on the treated leachate depend on the way it is discharged. Legal framework specifications define the limits for direct or indirect dischargers.

 1  2  3 . . . . >


BEST PRACTICE

Waste-to-Energy (WtE) facility

Renergia, a brand new Waste-to-Energy (WtE) facility opened in Canton Lucerne, shows that Waste-to-Energy can provide reliable heat for industries.

Category: Incineration / Waste-to-Energy plant
Executing firm: Renergia Zentralschweiz AG

MBT Ljubljana, Slovenia

In Slovenia arises one of the largest and most modern waste treatment plants in Europe.

Category: Recycling / MBT
Executing firm: STRABAG AG

Flue Gas Cleaning

The final unit of the incineration plant is one of the most important parts as it has the objective of cleaning the air pollutants produced.

Category: Incineration
Executing firm: ete.a - Ingenieurgesellschaft für Energie– und Umweltengineering & Beratung mbH

Batch Dry Fermentation

The biogas produced from the waste can be converted in a CHP to electrical and thermal energy or fed as processed bio-methane into the natural gas grid or used as fuel (CNG).

Category: Recycling / Fermentation
Executing firm: BEKON Energy Technologies Co. & KG

MBT Warsaw, Poland

The Bio-Dry™ system is a static, aerated and flexibly enclosed reactor for the biological drying of various solid waste matters containing some biodegradable contents.

Category: Recycling / MBT
Executing firm: Convaero GmbH

 
  Advertise with us | Sitemap | Contact | Legal © 2009, WtERT GmbH