UNEA - UN Environment Assembly World commits to pollution-free planet at environment summit
The world today committed to a pollution-free planet at the close of the UN Environment Assembly in Nairobi, with resolutions and pledges promising to improve the lives of billions across the globe by cleaning up our air, land and water.
Lehrstuhl für Abfallverwertungstechnik und Abfallwirtschaft der Montanuniversität Leoben Sequential Extraction as a Method for Analysis of Heavy Metals Mobility in SoilsSusana Casaseca, Dr. Martin Wellacher
Polluted soil with metals could affect human health through direct contact with soil, but potentially greater threats could rise, for example, from infiltration of the metals into groundwater aquifers or by the plant uptake of those. The hazard in soil attributable to metals is often assessed by determination of their total content or pseudo-total content in soil.
Lehrstuhl für Abfallverwertungstechnik und Abfallwirtschaft der Montanuniversität Leoben The Influence of YataÄŸan Power Plant Ashes on the Properties of Nearby SoilsE. B. Özkaraova Güngör
Coal-fired power plants are used to meet the energy need of the country. However, fly and bottom ash originate as combustion residues from these plants. The amount of each residue depends on the power plant configuration and on the emission control device used at the plant
Lehrstuhl für Abfallverwertungstechnik und Abfallwirtschaft der Montanuniversität Leoben „Brownfield Sites – New Energies“: Feasibility Studies Concerning the Construction of Solar Power Systems on Former Disposal SitesDr. Thilo Hauck, Dipl.-Ing. (FH) Eckhard Haubrich
Bavarian politics defined a heavy increase of renewal energies until the year 2021 in their concept about innovative energies. Solar power systems inhibit an important role within this concept. Thus, solar power systems shall produce about 16 % of the Bavarian energy production until 2021. The construction of solar power systems on former contaminated land sites and disposal sites shall be supported through special measures. Therefore, the support programme „brownfield sites – new energies" has been created. In a first step a number of potential sites shall be identified. Different projects have been defined on this behalf by the Bavarian State Ministry of the Environment and Public Health (StMUG), where the GAB is in charge of the project management.
Bayerisches Landesamt für Umwelt Soil Protection in the context of Electricity and Heat GenerationIng. Viktor Majer
- Czech Energetic Sector and Soil Protectionï‚¢
- Methods of Decreasing the Influences of Thermal Power Plants on Soilï‚¢
- Influences of Other Kinds of Power Plants on Soilï‚¢
TK Verlag - Fachverlag für Kreislaufwirtschaft Restoration Concepts for Landfill SitesDipl.-Ing. Stepanka Urban-Kiss
Nearly 40 % of municipal waste in the EU27 in 2010 was treated by landfilling. So far following up the topics on landfill technology continues being important.
PSP - Parlar Scientific Publications Total Mercury and Sequentially Extracted Mercury Fractions in Soil Near a Coal-Fired Power PlantChun-Gang Yuan
Coal-fired power plants are regarded as major anthropogenic pollution sources of Hg. In order to investigate the content of Hg in soil near a coal-fired power plant, soil samples at different depths and distances from the chimney of the power plant were collected. The concentrations of Hg in samples were determined by cold vapor atomic fluorescence spectrometer (CVAFS).
PSP - Parlar Scientific Publications Influence of Mycorrhizal Fungi on Remediation of Soil Contaminated by Petroleum HydrocarbonsJoanna Kalka
Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) can play an important role in phytoremediation by improving plant establishment and growth on soils contaminated by anorganics as well as organics. The benefits of AMF to plants are often related to increased nutrition and water uptake as well as enhanced tolerance to environmental stress. The aim of the present study was to investigate the efficacy of remediation techniques (plant cultivation, bacterial inoculation, arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi inoculation) on petroleum contaminated soil.
Lehrstuhl für Abfallverwertungstechnik und Abfallwirtschaft der Montanuniversität Leoben Natural Bioactive Compounds in Copper BioremediationA. Stingu, Irina Volf, Professor Valentin I. Popa
The aim of this research work was to investigate the influence of spruce bark natural bioactive compounds on copper bioaccumulation in rape plant.
Deutscher Fachverlag (DFV) Alternatives to wheeled loaders: Tracked conveyors and program-controlled conveyor belts have advantages:
Wheeled loaders are still indispensable working machines in many companies – also in construction material recycling plants. They are used because of the long operating hours they are capable of. In addition to the final loading, in many cases intermediate stockpiles are created, although these can result in considerable costs and risks.
Deutscher Fachverlag (DFV) Landfill sites as a source of pests: Waste disposal often leads to problems with pests at the landfill siteIngrid Körber
In Germany, tipping untreated household waste has been banned since 2005. But the country still has numerous landfill sites, collection points and intermediate storage areas. Here, one specific problem has not been resolved it has only been relocated: vermin and pest infestation. However, pest control has to be limited to containing the problem. This article describes pest control methods that could be used throughout the world.
Deutscher Fachverlag (DFV) Hard work for the microbes: Soil remediation in a tank farmDr. Thomas Caro, Dr. Thomas Berger
In a tank farm in Belém (Brazil) the soil was found to be highly contaminated. With the help of a biological process this soil is remediated by microbes and then reused at the site. Because the process was originally developed in Germany, it had to be adapted to suit the local climate. The entire operating crew are subject to the tank farm's technical safety regulations, which comply with international standards and are strictly implemented.
Deutscher Fachverlag (DFV) Investigations of Site-Contaminations in China: Initial Site-Contamination-Investigation and -Remediation in ChinaBoris Jacoby
Currently in China there is proceeding a serious intensification of the environmental law relating to future critical limit values and the obligation of accompanying measures. Also in China the assessment of possible financial relevant features of sites like hazardous waste contaminations and groundwater pollution is becoming more important. Nowerdays, the investigation concerning contaminations of sites in China is becoming necessary and interesting for German investors. Meanwhile, in the course of all-embracing Due-Diligence-examinations for site assessments in China for a German investor the R&H Umwelt GmbH from Nuremberg/Germany (R&H) already has performed several initial site-contamination-investigations including the initial investigation of the building-substance on industrial sites.
Aristotle University of Thessaloniki - Lab. of Heat Transfer & Environmental Engineering Impact of nuclear energy objects on lake environment: Lake Druksiai caseDr. Ricardas Paskauskas, Jonas Mazeika, J. Kasperoviciene
The impact of a nuclear power plant on the environment consists basically of the thermal load,radioactive and chemical waste produced during its operation. Lake Druksiai – the cooling basin of the only Nuclear Power Plant in Lithuania (INPP) has been exposed to severe anthropogenic pressures since 1984 when the first unit (out of two) was put into operation.
Aristotle University of Thessaloniki - Lab. of Heat Transfer & Environmental Engineering The FOOTPRINT software tools: Pesticide risk assessment and management in the EU at different spatial scalesIgor Dubus, Giovanna Azimonti, Dr. Martin Bach, Enrique Barriuso, E. Vavoulidou-Theodorou
In the EU-project FOOTPRINT three pesticide risk assessment and management tools were developed, for use at different spatial scales. The three FOOTPRINT tools share the same underlying science, based on the consistent identification of environmental characteristics driving the fate of agriculturally applied pesticides and their interpretation to parameterise state of the art modelling applications thus providing an integrated solution to pesticide risk assessment and management in the EU.
Aristotle University of Thessaloniki - Lab. of Heat Transfer & Environmental Engineering Analysis of the regional-scale influence of agricultural ecosystem parameters on zinc concentrations of soil and rice grains using regression methodsMahin Karami, Prof. Majid Afyuni, Amirhossein Khoshgoftarmanesh, Dr. Andreas Jürg Papritz, M. Pirzadeh
We investigated the influence of various metrical and categorical parameters characterizing soil, climate, parent material, physiography and agricultural management on soil and rice grain Zn concentrations in two provinces of Central Iran. Total soil Zn was found to be a function of parent material, physiographic unit, crop rotation system, total soil P concentration and soil clay content. Except for soil CaCO3 and OC the parameters considered in our analysis, however, had no strong effect on grain Zn concentrations. The analysis showed that generally available information such as basic soil properties, parent material and crop rotation system can be very helpful in predicting the Zn status of agricultural soils on a regional scale, while it helped much less in predicting grain Zn concentrations in rice.
Aristotle University of Thessaloniki - Lab. of Heat Transfer & Environmental Engineering Lead fractionation in soil as affected by organic and inorganic amendmentsA.H. Baghaie, Amirhossein Khoshgoftarmanesh, Prof. Majid Afyuni
The Pb fractionation in the sewage sludge and cow manure before and after removal of organic carbon, reducible Fe, iron oxide and Pb(NO3)2 salt was determined by a sequential extraction method. Despite cow manure and sewage sludge had high level of organic carbon (54 and 31%, respectively), most of the Pb in these amendments was found in the inorganic (oxide) fraction.
Aristotle University of Thessaloniki - Lab. of Heat Transfer & Environmental Engineering Soil carbon sequestration affected by cultivation of poor pastures in arid regions of Central IranJ. Fallahzade, Prof. Mohammad-Ali Hajabbasi
Soil carbon sequestration through changes in land use and management is one of the important strategies to mitigate the global greenhouse effect. This study was conducted to estimate the rate of soils carbon sequestration in land use changes from poor pastures (PP) to wheat fields (WF) and poor pastures to alfalfa fields (AF) occurring in Abarkooh plain, Central Iran.
Aristotle University of Thessaloniki - Lab. of Heat Transfer & Environmental Engineering Application of computer modelling for forecasting of contaminants distribution in soilS.P. Kundas, Vladimir I. Kovalenko, Igor A. Gishkeluk
An outlook of various methods of computer modeling application for the analysis and forecasting of contaminants migration in the soil is being discussed. A new mathematical model of contaminants transport in near-surface soil layer under non-isothermal conditions is being proposed. The given model takes into account the soil moisture content change effecting the solute transport and sorption owing to evaporation processes and recondensation of water vapor. The article also covers the possibility of hybrid expert systems (HES) application for solving contaminants migration in the soil. Distinguish structure of HES that includes models hybridization is being proposed. On the basis of given methods and models a new software has been developed.
Aristotle University of Thessaloniki - Lab. of Heat Transfer & Environmental Engineering The influence of soil to solution ratio on cadmium removal from soils using anionic surfactantsZ. Gusiatin, Ewa Klimiuk, Tomasz Pokój, Dorota Kulikowska
The effectiveness of cadmium removal from soils by two anionic surfactants at different soil/solution ratio (m/V) was investigated. At critical micelle concentration (CMC) Rosulfan L reduced surface tension of water more sufficiently than ABS Na/S. In soil/surfactant systems CMC values clearly increased in comparison with fresh solutions, indicating surfactants sorption.
Aristotle University of Thessaloniki - Lab. of Heat Transfer & Environmental Engineering Chemical fractionation and phytoextraction capacity of maize plant grown on chromated copper arsenate soilG.E. Uwumarongie, Prof. F.E. Okieimen
A pot experiment was performed to study the single and sequential extraction of As, Cr and Cu in chromated copper arsenate (CCA) contaminated soil and the potential of maize (Zea mays) for the removal of the metals from the CCA contaminated soil.
Aristotle University of Thessaloniki - Lab. of Heat Transfer & Environmental Engineering Restoration alternatives and attitudes of local population towards Kavala quarry - Northern GreeceNikolas D. Hasanagas, A. Charalampous, G. Moutsou
This research paper presents the attitudes of Kavala population towards possible restoration solution scenarios of Kavala quarry of marble. 200 standardized questionnaires have been completed by phone. Females are negative towards stadium, younger population is negative towards “greenâ€ restoration and positive towards shopping centre. Retired persons are positive towards afforestation and negative towards stadium and shopping centre.
Aristotle University of Thessaloniki - Lab. of Heat Transfer & Environmental Engineering Established activities and land use classification in Thriassion Plain – Greece with the assistance of satellite images, ground measurements and model resultsDr Anastasios Mavrakis, A. Tassopoulos, Stella Chiotini-Kyvelou, A. Christides
Already since the beginning of the 20th century, Thriassion Plain has been the area that bore the brunt of the industrialization of Greece through the establishment and operation of a large number of industrial and production units. The focus of the present study is the growth of the number of established activities over time and the consequent change in land use.
Lehrstuhl für Abfallverwertungstechnik und Abfallwirtschaft der Montanuniversität Leoben Field deployment of persulfate-based electrokinetic in-situ remediationDr. Julia Yvonne Schmale, Martin Süß, Dipl.-Ing. Slagjana Petkovska
In Austria, 40,438 old industrial sites have been localized (2006), whereas organic pollutants account for 93 % of the contaminated sites and more than 40 % thereof are affected by mineral oil and phenol. Furthermore, there are about 6,000 gas stations in Austria declared as contaminated land (Spausta & Weihs 2006). Up to now, no adequate In-situ remediation method has been developed which can cope with this scale of the problem.
Lehrstuhl für Abfallverwertungstechnik und Abfallwirtschaft der Montanuniversität Leoben Hydrodechlorination of PCBs-contaminated soils and groundwatersA. Bezama
As in most South American countries, the magnitude of the Chilean contaminated site problem is yet to be established. To date, only two studies have been conducted for the identification and preliminary risk assessment of sites under suspicion of contamination, considering the associated human health and environmental risks. The latter work is a case study in an industrial Region in South Central Chile, the second most important in social and economic terms.
Lehrstuhl für Abfallverwertungstechnik und Abfallwirtschaft der Montanuniversität Leoben Using a polymer and fly ash for developing a non-conventional sorbentDr. Rodrigo Navia, J. Sáez, I. Reyes, A. González
The generation of solid residues is a global problem with severe implications for the environment and industry. On the one hand, high storage, transport and disposal costs of wastes must be faced by industrial producers and on the other hand, toxic substances leaching through the soil to the groundwater may negatively impact terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems due to trace elements contained in solid residues. Nowadays, industry is very interested in the reuse of solid wastes, therefore many investigations are aimed to find new applications for waste use as new raw materials and energy sources.
European Compost Network ECN e.V. Soilification: man-made-soil as new resource for agriculture, reforestation and landscapingDr.-Ing. Olaf Pollmann, PhD, Prof. Dr. Leon van Rensburg, Dr. rer. silv. Christian Lange, Nelli Engel
The present work showed the methods used for waste treatment methods to be successful and have the benefit of sustainable water purification and soil and waste remediation.